Jesus in the Rig Veda

In the Natha yoga  tradition of Kashmir, as opposed to mainstream Hinduism, Shiva is the name for the one invisible creator God.  Rudradeva/Shiva was worshipped by the monotheistic indigenous Semito-Dravidian people of India in around 3000 BC, according to the dating of statues found in Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.   This is in contrast to the much more common belief in Aryan  Hinduism in Shiva as a demi-god, part of a trnity of Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva.   The Aryan invasion of India occurred around 1500 BC.  The Aryans were polytheistic, bringing Vishnu, Brahma and the thousands of gods, with them.  Before this, India was monotheistic. Study and dating of different sections of the Rig Veda show that the early monotheistic Semito-Dravidians called God, Rudradeva. There are 75 references to Rudra in the Rig Veda, and these segments are very early, redacted from material dated around 1800 BCE.  There is also a group of hymns to him in the Yajur Veda, today called the Rudram.

“Besides the few passages to Rudra in the Rig Veda, there are important hymns in the collections of the Atharva Veda. In the various recensions of the Yajur Veda is included a litany of stanzas praising Rudra: (Maitrāyaṇī-Saṃhitā 2.9.2, Kāṭhaka-Saṃhitā 17.11, Taittirīya-Saṃhitā 4.5.1, and Vājasaneyi-Saṃhitā 16.1–14). This litany is subsequently referred to variously as the Śatarudriyam, the Namakam (because many of the verses commence with the word namaḥ [`homage`]), or simply the Rudram. This litany was recited during the agnicayana ritual (“the piling of Agni”), and it later became a standard element in Rudra liturgy.”

It seems that the Aryans later  took one of Rudra’s epithets, “shiva”, meaning “auspicious”, and over time subsumed him into the polytheistic pantheon under this name as a demi-god called Shiva. A trinity of Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma was woven together by the Aryans after 1500 BCE. 

There seem to be several clues of Jesus’ connection to the original monotheistic Rudradeva/Shiva of the pre-Aryan Semito-Dravidians.   Shaivism as a path survived the invasion of the Aryans, c. 1500 BC,   and still exists in India today as a monotheistic yogic path.

1.  The Holy Trinity

 Kumarswamiji says that the monotheistic Semito-Dravidians of 3000 BCE worshipped God the Father, Shiva, God the Mother, Shakti, and God the Son, Sharana (Protector), .  

“The Dravidians worshipped Linga in the temples, the Linga which was the amorphous representation of Shiva. They worshipped Linga by sprinkling it with water or milk, by offering prayers, by meditating on the deity. .. They had an idea of death and judgement after death which was the basis of moral life. But to crown all these, they had a concept of the Triad – An, the Supreme Godhead; Amma, the Goddess; and Anil, the Son. These are the later day Shiva, Shakti and Sharana of the Agamas.”[i]

This suggests a religious structure compatible with the ancient Hebrew structure, and might explain why Kashmir was visited by Moses  around 1500 BCE and Jesus  in the 1st century CE.   The ancient Hebrew structure comprised God the Father, God the Mother, Shekinah, and God the Son.

The Spirit of God appears in the Old and New Testaments as the Hebrew feminine noun, Shekinah. Shekinah is related to the Sanskrit word for God the Mother, Shakti, from which comes the Indo-European root for our English word, “she”.

she pron.   Used to refer to the woman or girl previously mentioned or implied. See Usage Note at I1.

[Middle English, probably alteration of Old English sēo, feminine demonstrative pron.; see so- in Indo-European roots.] [33]

Shekinah is the cloud which surrounded God’s glory in Exodus 13:21, the pillar of cloud and fire in Exodus 14:19, which covered Mt Sinai in Exodus 24:16, filled the tabernacle in Exodus 40:34-5 and filled Solomon’s temple in 1 Kings 8:11. Shekinah reappeared with Christ in Matt. 17:5 and Luke 2:9. Christ ascended in the glory of Shekinah in Acts 1:4 and will return in Her glory Mark 14:62, Rev. 14:14.[34]

In the first centuries AD, as the bible was translated from Hebrew to Greek to Latin to English,  “She” began to be translated as “He”,  so that the Holy Spirit had become male in Catholic Christianity by about the 4th century CE.

2.  Nathanamavali

In the book The Serpent of Paradise by Miguel Serrano and Frank MacShane, p. 79, it is stated that the Nathanamavali records that Jesus studied with the Natha Yogis from the age of 14, was initiated as one of them, and came to know Shiva as his own Father.  He went to the land of the Hebrews and willingly gave up his body at the age of 49, having mastered yoga.   He then returned to India, and founded the cult of the Lingam and the Yoni in Kashmir. 

It is important to note here  that Jesus advocated monogamy or celibacy (Matthew 19: 11, 12).  If he taught and practiced tantra, it was not a recipe for promiscuity. According to records in Kashmir, Jesus married Maryan in Pahalgam, Kashmir.  They had a son called Jehoiakim, who had a son called Raj Bhishtay, according to an inscription in the temple on Shankriyacarya Hill in Srinagar, Kashmir, dated 3154 Laukika Era, or 78 AD. (Hassnain and Levi, The Fifth Gospel, pp. 247-8)

3. Aramaic inscription from Taxila

As well as the Nathanamavali, there is further evidence that Jesus accepted Shiva as a name for the monotheistic God, while teaching that worship of  the demi-gods is false.  An inscription in Aramaic found in Taxila, Pakistan, describes the foreign carpenter who built the palace of King Gondophares (ruled 25 – 60 AD) from cedar and ivory as a “pious devotee of Rudradeva”. (Hassnain and Levi, The Fifth Gospel, p. 231)   According to records such as the Acts of Thomas, it was St Thomas who built the palace for the king.  Rudradeva was the early Semito-Dravidian name for the monotheistic God, Shiva, in the Indus Valley, before the invasion of the polytheistic Aryans in 1500 BC. In other words, it seems that the inscription is stating that St Thomas was a pious devotee of Rudradeva.

4. Bhavishya Maha Purana

In the Bhavishya Maha Purana, internally dated 115 AD, Jesus gives his name as Ishwara Putram, which translates as The Son of the Lord.   Ishwara has now become in Inda  a name of Shiva.

5. Prajapati as Jesus-figure in Rig Veda.

There is a prophecy about a Jesus-figure  in the Purusha Hymn, the 90th hymn of the 10th book of the Rig Veda, which  may date from around 1800 BC.  Prajapati is the name given, which translates from the Sanskrit as Lord of Created Beings[ii], and in Hinduism represents the God of gods, the God of all creation. 

” ‘Some see the depiction of Prajapati in the Purusha Hymn of the Rig Veda[1] also as a prophetic revelation about the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ.’ [2]   They maintain that, according to this hymn, Prajapati …  should  …. Wear a crown of thorns …. [be] Bound to a tree …. [his] Bones should not be broken ….’ [3] ‘They affirm that Prajapati is Jesus Christ’ “

[1] The 90th hymn of the 10th Book.

[2] M.S. Vasanthakumar, ‘Expound Christ from Non-Christian Texts’ in Dharma Deepika, July – December 2000 pp.5-20. p.6.

[3] Vasanthakumar ‘Expound Christ …’ p.6.

[4] ibid.

[5] Vasanthakumar ‘Expound Christ …’ p.1.

[6] Vasanthakumar ‘Expound Christ …’ p. 13.”

From Can Jesus be Called Shiva? by John Dupuche [iii]

Purusha [iv] is the name of God given in the monotheistic work The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.  (c. 200 BC).

In Gandhi’s Philosophy and the Quest for Harmony by Anthony J Parel, p. 22[v], Gandhi is quoted as giving the etymology of purusha as from pura[vi], the body, and isha, the Lord.  Purusha is the Lord dwelling in a human body.


My conclusion is that it is possible that Jesus as Isha Natha, an initiate of an ancient order of pre-Aryan  Natha yogis, accepted Rudradeva/Shiva as a valid name of God.


Peace be on people of all faiths.


[ii] prajApati ” lord of creatures “‘  N.  a divinity presiding over procreation , protector of life,  creator, a supreme god above or among the Vedic deities   but in later times also applied to Vishnu , Siva , [Savitri , Soma , Agni]


[iv] puruSa   the primaeval man as the soul and original source of the universe (described in the Purusba-su7kta q.v.)  ; the personal and animating principle in men and other beings , the soul or spirit AV. &c. &c. ; the Supreme Being or Soul of the universe,  also identified with Brahma1 , Vishn2u , S3iva and Durga1) `” spirit “‘ or fragrant exhalation of plants N. of the divine or active principles from the minute portions of which the universe was formed.


[vi] pur
a rampart , wall , stronghold , fortress , castle , city , town   ; the body (considered as the stronghold of the puruSa}  the intellect




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